送交者: xj 于 2005-10-12, 20:34:28:
回答: 烦请翻译一段话 由 天真 于 2005-10-12, 18:32:42:
Objective: Despite that many effective antihypertensive drugs are available, only 6.16% of hypertensives have satisfactorily control their blood pressure. This study examines the reasons for the low success rate among hypertensives.
Subjects and methods: 833 hypertensive patients treated by the Department of cardiology, XX hospital had complete follow up information and were included in this study. Their ages ranged from 32 to 88 years, with mean age of 53.5 years and standard deviation (SD) 10.5. The treatments were either increasing the doses (246), or adding another antihypertensive drug (587).
Results: the means (±SD) of baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) are 172.3 ±22.4 mmHg and 108.6 ±13.3 mmHg. After treatment, the means of SBP/DBP are 141.9 ±15.4 mmHg /90.7 ±11.2 mmHg, with average decreases of 30.4/17.9 mmHg (p<0.005). Overall, 382 patients successfully controlled their blood pressure (success rate: 45.9%). However, 548 patients failed to be fully compliant with treatment plans (65.8%). Reasons included the misunderstanding of treatment, financial difficulties, unsatisfactory blood pressure control, inconvenience in taking drugs, and miscommunication with physicians.
Conclusion: strategies to overcome noncompliance barriers will significantly improve the success rate in treating hypertension.